Here are a few of the European Surnames which clearly display Israelite symbols:
Once our ancestors, the Israelites, came out of Egypt, Yahweh began splitting them into separate tribal camps. Before entering the land of Canaan the tribes were split into four camps, all surrounding the tabernacle of Moses and the Levites. So each camp had three tribes, with one tribe being the head of that particular camp. There were four main symbols, one for each camp, those being the Lion, the Man, the Bull and the Eagle. God commanded that the tribes take these symbols and make them into banners.
“And the Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father’s house: far off about the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch.” (Numbers 2:1-2, KJV)
However, they also began to take the prophecies and the blessings given to their tribes overtime and turn those into their own distinct tribal symbols to set themselves apart. These included blessings from Moses, from some of Judges and even some directly from Yahweh Himself, such as those to King David. These symbols are all around us, under our very noses.
We start with Reuben, as he was the first-born of Jacob, the eldest of his sons, born to his first wife Leah. He had three main symbols that we very commonly see today, those being the Primal Man, the Unstable Water and also the Mandrake Flower, which is an often overlooked one.
The man symbol, as we said earlier, was because the tribe of Reuben were the head of the Southern Camp (which included Simeon and Gad), so that became their symbol.
“On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben by their armies, and the leader of the sons of Reuben: Elizur the son of Shedeur, and his army, even their numbered men, 46,500. Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Simeon, and the leader of the sons of Simeon: Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai, and his army, even their numbered men, 59,300. Then comes the tribe of Gad, and the leader of the sons of Gad: Eliasaph the son of Deuel, and his army, even their numbered men, 45,650. The total of the numbered men of the camp of Reuben: 151,450 by their armies. And they shall set out second.” (Numbers 2:10-16 NASB)
The water symbol, the blue/white watery stripes, was part of Jacob’s blessing/prophecy upon Reuben, that he or his descendants would be as unstable as water and not excel or have preeminence. In other words, that they would one day be a ruling nation but eventually lose it. We will get to that shortly.
“Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power: Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father’s bed; then defiledst thou it: he went up to my couch.” (Gen. 49:3-4 KJV)
The water symbol is often entwined with other tribes symbols.
Lastly, the mandrake is from when Reuben gave his mother Leah a mandrake flower. This was believed to be a fertility plant and she used it to bribe Rachel into allowing her to conceive another son with Jacob. This flower symbol became Reuben’s primary symbol.
“And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and said, Thou must come in unto me; for surely I have hired thee with my son’s mandrakes. And he lay with her that night. And God hearkened unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare Jacob the fifth son.” (Gen. 30:16–17 KJV)
This symbol was especially prominent amongst French Kings, royalty and nobles. Even Charlemagne, King of the Franks from 768 to 824 AD, used this symbol and there is evidence it goes further back than him. Frankish wives were sought out by other European Monarchs to give their kingship more legitimacy. The generations after would therefore have Frankish ancestry and commonly display the Mandrakes in their heraldry.
We must address that the mandrake, the symbol of France, is generally called ‘Fleur-de-lis’ which translated simply means ‘lily flower’. The mandrake is of a blue/purple color, the buds are yellow during the summer and looks virtually identical to the symbol. The lily flower in France is not typically blue with yellow buds. However there is a blue version in the Middle East and South Africa. So I would contend that whether you wish to call it a mandrake or lily flower the symbol clearly originated from Reuben.
What is most interesting is that after the fall of Rome and the birth of the modern European Christian nations France (or the Franks) was certainly the rise, the beginning and the might of Europe. It became dominant with its first Empire under Charlemagne, strongly establishing Christianity and setting up the foundations of Christian Europe. So it reads just like the prophecy of Reuben.
“Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power: Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel…” Gen. 49:3-4 KJV
The last part, ‘shalt not excel’ can also be written ‘not have preeminence’, in others words the strength, dignity and power would not last forever. Reuben was the first born but he lost the birth right and it was passed on to Ephraim, the son of Joseph.
What is completely fascinating, is that almost a thousand years after Charlemagne, when Napoleon launched his empire, he practically encompassed all the white world, reaching as far as Russia and even influencing America and other white colonies from all over the world. This was the peak of France’s power. However, Napoleon was defeated and in turn Britain and the British Empire took over and expanded essentially taking that first-born birth right and becoming the dominant superpower, until Manasseh or America supplanted Britain and became the new dominant superpower of the world.
Thus when we look at France, Britain and America, does it not read exactly like Reuben, Ephraim and Manasseh?
Simeon was the second born to Leah. The Tribe of Simeon was to be scattered amongst the other tribes. That means we’d expect to find their symbols amongst and in conjunction with the other tribes. With Simeon this is definitely the case. Simeon had two symbols: the Sword and the Castle.
The Sword came from the first half of Jacob’s prophecy of the wrath of the two brothers Simeon and Levi, when they sought revenge and slew all the males of a village.
“Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce, and their wrath, for it is cruel!…” (Gen. 49:7 KJV)
The Simeon symbols, the sword and castle you see heavily mixed in with other Israelite symbols. Such as lions and eagle holding swords, castles with bulls and unicorns. This would all fit the tribe of Simeon being spread out with all the tribes.
The Breastplate symbol was, of course, due to the fact that Levi was given the Priesthood (called “Levitical” after him). The Levite High Priests wore the Breastplate over their chest.
“And I, behold, I have taken your brethren the Levites from among the children of Israel: to you they are given as a gift for the Lord, to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.” (Numbers 18:6)
The Breastplate contained 12 stones, one stone for a representation of each tribe of Israel.
“And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row. And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings. And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.” (Exodus 28:17-21)
However, these symbols never appeared as Coat of Arms. This is for two reasons. First, it was because like his brother Simeon, Levi were spread amongst all the other tribes. However, while Simeon was given land within Judah, Levi was scattered completely throughout all of the other tribes.
Second when the Israelites began spreading and colonizing Europe, they brought with them Levites to serve as their priests. Overtime, as traditions were gradually lost, they simply became known as Druids. They are now mostly remembered as having been in Britain. However, they were in fact present all throughout Europe. The Romans outlawed Druidism and gradually began to purge it within the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar even justified his invasion of Britain under the pretense that the Brits were aiding and interfering with his war on Gaul. Britain became the last safe haven were Druidism could survive.
Once Christ came there was no longer a need for the Levitical Priesthood and it was the same with Druidism. The Druids naturally expected and anticipated the coming of a Messiah. They knew he would have the same name as Joshua (Yahshua) who led our ancestors into the lands of Canaan. Once Christianity reached the British Isles, which happened within just a few years after the Crucifixion, Druidism converted very quickly to Christianity. So naturally the 12 stones symbol disappeared altogether as Druidism (The Levitical Priesthood) did.
Judah, the 4th son, inherited the birth right of kings, because his three elder brothers Reuben, Simeon and Levi were overlooked as we discussed earlier.
Judah had but one primary symbol, that being the Lion. However there’s more to it as there were actually two separate tribes of Judah. This way Judah ended up with the Red Lion or sometimes the Red Hand and alternatively, David’s Harp.
RED LION / HAND
Judah had twin sons. The eldest was Zarah and he inherited the greater birthright, because upon birth his hand came out first. As his hand was covered in blood that became the symbol of the Blood Red Hand or Blood Red Lion.
“And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins were in her womb. And it came to pass, when she travailed, that the one put out his hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first. And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? this breach be upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez. And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.” (Genesis 38.27-30, KJV)
It’s understandable therefore that in order for any man to have the right to be a king, he would have to be able to trace his genealogy back to Zarah. Naturally you would expect kings and their descendants to commonly display the Red Hand or the Red Lion symbol whenever they needed to prove or to remind of their birthright. This symbol is most prevalent in Ireland and Scotland, sometimes called the ‘Hand of Ulster’ and the ‘Royal Banner of Scotland’.
Pharez had the second birthright and amongst his descendants was King David. This is where we get the Harp from which was his personal symbol when he played it for King Saul.
“And David came to Saul, and stood before him: and he loved him greatly; and he became his armourbearer. And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I pray thee, stand before me; for he hath found favour in my sight. And it came to pass, when the evil spirit from God was upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.” (1 Sam. 16:21-23)
Since the Kings of the Kingdom of Israel (and later the divided Kingdom) all descended from King David, his Harp symbol naturally became used to point to his royal bloodline. Again it is most prevalent in the Irish heraldry and also in the British Coat of Arms.
First it should be noted that during the Exodus not all the Israelite went with Moses. A large portion led by some of Zarah’s descendants banded together and left the main body of Israel migrating t into Anatolia and Greece, setting up Kingdoms there and elsewhere throughout Europe. It is unknown why and we can only speculate concerning this, but Diodorus Siculus gives a clear account stating that the Greek colonies originated with the arrival of Zarah’s descendants.
“The Aliens [Israelites] were driven from the country [Egypt], and the most outstanding and active among them banded together and, as some say, were cast ashore in Greece and certain other regions, their leaders were notable men, chief among them being Dardanus and Chalcol.” Diodorus Sicilus, Bibliotheca Historica 40.3
The Trojans were said to be descended from Darda/Dardanus who is listed among Zarah’s descendants. One of his descendants was Tros who founded the city Troy, naming it after him. Another one of his descendants was Priam, the Trojan King from the famous story of the Trojan Wars.
“The sons of Zerah: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Kalkol and Darda –five in all.” (1 Chronicles 2:6)
The Trojan Princes were considered royalty, they intermarried with the other Greek Kingdoms and over the centuries many of the Kings in Greece could trace their genealogies all the way back to the Trojans. Alexander the Great claimed to be descended from the Trojans, as did Julius Caesar.
The Israelites continued to spread into Europe during the Judges period and after that as well, always ruled by these Judahite Kings. In the Irish chronology it is said that the Kings of Ireland came from Miletus. Miletus was a Greek kingdom south of Troy, which again was of the Zarah royal bloodline. So we can even trace symbols of Ireland all the way back to Judah.
Dan, the 5th son, was born to one of Jacob’s concubines. When Rachel couldn’t conceive she offered her handmaiden to Jacob. Dan probably has the most symbols out of all the tribes, those being The Eagle, the Snake, the Scales and the Rider tumbling backwards.
The eagle was the sign of Dan as he was the head of the Northern camp, so another one of the four primary symbols. Interestingly, it was sometimes combined with the snake, either an eagle holding a snake in it’s claw or a hybrid animal, an eagle with a serpent like body such as a wyvern.
“The standard of the camp of Dan shall be on the north side by their armies: and the captain of the children of Dan shall be Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred. And those that encamp by him shall be the tribe of Asher: and the captain of the children of Asher shall be Pagiel the son of Ocran. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty and one thousand and five hundred. Then the tribe of Naphtali: and the captain of the children of Naphtali shall be Ahira the son of Enan. And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred. All they that were numbered in the camp of Dan were an hundred thousand and fifty and seven thousand and six hundred. They shall go hindmost with their standards. These are those which were numbered of the children of Israel by the house of their fathers: all those that were numbered of the camps throughout their hosts were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.” (Numbers 2:25-32)
The snake was the first part of Jacob’s prophecy that Dan would leave a viper’s trail where ever they went.
“Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.” Gen. 49:17
The Scales comes from both Dan meaning Judge in Hebrew and the prophecy that Dan would Judge his people.
“Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel.” Gen. 49:16
The Rider was again Jacob’s prophecy but the second part of it, stating that Dan would bite at the rider’s heel, causing it to tumble backwards.
“Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.” Gen. 49:17
Denmark literally means ‘Dan’s mark’ or ‘frontier’. Its people are called the Danes. In their ancient history it is said their ancestor was Dan. So it would seem a large amount of the descendants of Dan settled in Denmark. However, there are rivers, towns and other landmasses all over Europe named after Dan. This was the prophecy of leaving a viper’s trail wherever they (the Danites) would go, continuously leaving the name Dan and marking their ‘trail’ as you can see in some of the examples in the above picture.
“Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path…” (Gen. 49:17 KJV)
As for the prophecy of causing the horse rider to tumble backwards, the Danes were largely vikings early on in European history. They raided and looted the other European countries for centuries, causing those kingdoms’ law and order to tumble backwards and have to be rebuilt. Nevertheless, it helped unify those nations under a single King and put their faith in God and Christianity to ward off the viking invaders.
“…that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.” (Gen. 49:17 KJV)
Lastly, at the end of the prophecy it states: “I have waited for your salvation.” Christ, of course, is our salvation. It’s interesting to note that the Nordic countries were the last of the European nations to finally convert to Christianity. So they did in fact wait a long time.
“I have waited for thy salvation, O Lord.” Gen. 49:18 KJV
This is another one of Jacob’s prophecies that Naphtali would be a hind let lose.
“Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words.” (Genesis 49:21 KJV)
Gad, the 7th son, was born to Leah’s handmaid Zilpah. Gad had 2 symbols, those being a military tent or camp and the troop or armed rider.
A Troop, armed rider on a horse. The name Gad itself means troop, but there is also Jacob’s prophecy.
“Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.” Gen. 49:19 KJV
The tent, generally a war/military styled tent, was an alternative to the troop, but such a symbol rarely or perhaps never survived.
The Phoenicians were Israelites primarily from the northern tribes. The cities Tyre and Sidon were the two main port cities of the Phoenicians which were both within the tribe of Asher’s territory. The Phoenicians set up colonies and trading ports all over Europe. The city of Carthage was one such colony, they also reached up as far as Britain and Ireland. The second part of Moses’ prophecy alludes to that, where the Phoenicians had iron, brass and tin mines. The Southern coasts of England, for example, were a great source of tin, whilst Spain was rich in iron. This source of trade made the Phoenicians very rich and gave them great influence over the colonies around the Mediterranean.
“Thy shoes shall be iron and brass; and as thy days, so shall thy strength be.” (Deut. 33:25 KJV)
This was the prophecy that Issachar would find a pleasant land and settle there, but it would be between two burdens and would be forced to submit to labour, like a donkey.
“Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.” (Gen 49:14-15 KJV)
The donkey symbol appears mostly throughout the Eastern European countries. Considering that they are in-between The West (i.e. Europe) and the East (i.e. Russia) does it not fit the donkey prophecy perfectly couching down between two burdens?
This is once again from Jacob’s prophecy that Zebulon would dwell at the haven of the sea, in other words they would typically be seafarers with plenty of ports and harbours, so the boat symbol was very appropriate.
“Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidon.” (Gen. 49:13 KJV)
Holland certainly does seems to fulfill many of the prophecies concerning Zebulon and it’s not just the Ship symbol that the old Republic once used. Firstly we have Jacob’s blessing that Zebulon would be a haven for ships, which would seem to indicate that they, at a national level and in comparison to other European/Israelite nations, would possess enormous harbors and would also be reputable seafarers.
“Zebulun will dwell at the seashore; And he shall be a haven for ships, And his flank shall be toward Sidon.” (Genesis 49:13)
Not only is The Dutch port Rotterdam the busiest ocean-going seaport, it is now a gateway to all of Europe via a system of interconnected canals on Europe’s mainland. The Encyclopedia Americana states concerning Rotterdam:
“Its port, in volume of freight handled, is the largest in the world…In addition to foreign trade, the port handles the huge barge traffic that is carried on the Rhine River and associated waterways…The port now extends continuously from Rotterdam to the Sea. At the mouth of the New Waterway lies the great port complex of Europort” (Gateway of Europe, p. 805).
Furthermore, from Moses’ blessing we learn that Zebulon would get hidden treasures from the sea.
“Rejoice, Zebulun, in your going forth, And, Issachar, in your tents. They will call peoples to the mountain; There they will offer righteous sacrifices; For they will draw out the abundance of the seas, And the hidden treasures of the sand.” (Deut. 33:18-19)
It’s interesting that over 1/3 of Holland used to be under the sea level until they claimed it and turned it in land using their dyke system. Was this the blessing Moses was referring to?
Lastly, another astonishing fact to consider is that the stone of Zebulon was the Diamond. Each of the 12 Israelite tribes got their own unique stone which was displayed on the breastplate of the Levite Priests.
The Boers in South Africa are largely descended from the Dutch. Their language is even considered a Dutch dialect. South Africa is known for its diamond minds. It’s quite astonishing that the Dutch, who are largely Zebulon would end up in a region rich in Diamonds, their tribe’s stone. Ask yourself, is all of this just a coincidence?
Ephraim was the youngest son of Joseph, but he received the first birth right. Jacob, rather than blessing his son Joseph, instead passed the blessing on to Joseph’s two sons, adopting them as his own. They received a greater blessing than his other sons. Ephraim now being the 1st born and Manasseh the second, followed by the other tribes of Israel.
Ephraim had three symbols, the first being the Bull, then either the Unicorn or alternatively simply the Horn.
The Bull symbol was the last of the four primary symbols belonging to the four camps. Ephraim led the Southern Camp which also included Manasseh and Benjamin.
“On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim by their armies, and the leader of the sons of Ephraim shall be Elishama the son of Ammihud, and his army, even their numbered men, 40,500. Next to him shall be the tribe of Manasseh, and the leader of the sons of Manasseh: Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur, and his army, even their numbered men, 32,200. Then comes the tribe of Benjamin, and the leader of the sons of Benjamin: Abidan the son of Gideoni, and his army, even their numbered men, 35,400. The total of the numbered men of the camp of Ephraim: 108,100, by their armies. And they shall set out third.” (Numbers 2:18-24 NASB)
Boleyn, Bullen, Cole, Buckley
UNICORN / HORN
The Horn and Unicorn came from Moses’ prophecy that one day Ephraim with his horns would push the children of Israel to the ends of the earth along with his brother Manasseh and we will shortly get to that.
“His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.” Deuteronomy 33:17 KJV
Coat of Arms
Most famously the Unicorn is very clearly visible on the Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom, but also that of Scotland and Canada. Towns include Bristol (England), Rosburgh (Scotland). Saint-Lo (France), Gmund (Germany), Giegen (Germany), Spis (Hungary), Ramosh (Switzerland), Lienice Czech Republic.
Wright, White, Wilkinson, Pearce all have Unicorns whilst Foster and Hunter have Horns.
The only nation to accomplish such a feat of pushing the Israelites/Europeans to the end of the earth would be the British Empire. Combined with the fact the United Kingdom has the Unicorn symbol and the size and scope of the British Empire would clearly fit the greater blessing Ephraim received compared to other Israelite/European nations, it’s reasonable to say that the UK fits Ephraim.
Of course, England is arguably the most diverse nation in terms of Europeans tribes & clans that settled in there: Phoenicians, Britons, Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Danes, Cumbri etc. etc. Nevertheless, the UK seems to be the largest concentration of Ephraim and God fulfilled His promise with the United Kingdom and British Empire.
It should also be noted that the next Great Empire, that being the United States. could not have been established without the British Empire which paved the way. It’s interesting that God, through Jacob, swapped the blessings around for Ephraim and Manasseh. Manasseh, the single great nation, could not be established without first Ephraim becoming a company of nations. On top of that the other nations of the “New World” such as Canada, Australia and New Zealand also were largely made possible by the British Empire which ruled the seas. This we will get to next.
The Arrows symbol, sometimes a Bow and Arrow or a Crossbow and Arrow is from the prophecy of Jacob blessing Joseph:
“The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him: But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)” (Genesis 49.23 KJV)
Coat of Arms
The Arrows symbol, sometimes a Bow and Arrow or a Crossbow and Arrow is from the prophecy of Jacob blessing Joseph:
“The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him: But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)” (Genesis 49.23)
Johnson, Lewis, Walsh, Hutchenson, Patinson, Davidson, Arnold, Maloney.
The Diagonal Cross is the same cross Jacob made when he crossed his arms when he blessed Ephraim and Manasseh and when he swapped the blessings, making Ephraim the eldest and Manasseh the second to come later.
COAT OF ARMS
Scotland and Ireland of course have the diagonal cross flag, it’s commonly believed to be down to St Andrew and St Patrick, two people who conveniently seem to have had the exact same symbol but I would disagree and say it’s far older than that, going back to Jacob’s blessing. The old Anglo-Saxon county of Mercia also had this cross. The Mercian Kings are said to have a direct connection with the German Monarchies, so they must have brought that symbol over. The Amsterdam coat of arms has three Crosses on it. The county of Kildare in Ireland, also. The original America Confederate flag was the cross with 13 stars.
Jardine, Macfarlane, Bruce and Andrews.
Manasseh, like Ephraim, received a greater birthright than the other European/Israelite tribes, meaning that we should look for a nation considerably more prosperous than the rest of the European nations. Furthermore, whilst Ephraim would be a company of cations, Manasseh would be a single great nation. It would rise directly after Ephraim (The British Empire). Only the United States of America can truly fit that prophecy.
It’s no wonder then that both the Coat of Arms display the Arrows of Manasseh and the early confederate flag displays the diagonal cross of Manasseh. Combined with the fact that America shares a kindred relationship with the United Kingdom, that certainly fits the two brothers Ephraim and Manasseh being separate and greater than the other European Nations.
The wolf was from Jacob’s blessing.
“Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.” Gen. 49:17
All of the Apostles were Benjamites (except Judas Isacriot) including Paul of Tarsus, as Christ said he chose them all. It was prophesied that Benjamin would be a light to Judah. As the Apostles awakened their brethren they spread the Gospel amongst many of the Judahites and traveled to the lost tribes, originally just Judah. The Apostle Paul also first only traveled to European colonies with descendants of Judah and then to the other lost tribes of Israel all over Europe, eventually even reaching the Germanic tribes that were the deported tribes from Assyria.
As you can see, we the Europeans have the Israelite symbols everywhere. We inherited them from our ancestors. They are spread out in all of our nations and many of our nations even fit the prophecies in a precise manner. This is because we are the children of Jacob and his 12 sons, the Patriarchs of Israel. We are the same people as the Israel of the Old Testament. All the promises that God made were for us, to our people forever. And we are now entering a time when we as a whole will finally wake up and realize the truth of who we are. So wake up and work hard to spread the truth to your people.